The idea of establishing the Grand Egyptian Museum began in the nineties of the last century, and in 2002 the foundation stone for the museum project was laid to be built in a privileged location overlooking the eternal Pyramids of Giza, where the Egyptian state was proclaimed, and under the auspices of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the International Federation of Architects , for an international architectural competition for the best design for the museum, and the current design submitted by Heneghan Peng Architects of Ireland won, whose design was based on representing the rays of the sun extending from the tops of the three pyramids when they meet a conical mass that is the Grand Egyptian Museum. The construction of the museum project began in May 2005, when the site was prepared and prepared, and in 2006, the largest center for the restoration of antiquities in the Middle East was established, dedicated to the restoration, preservation, maintenance and rehabilitation of artifacts to be displayed in the halls of the museum, which was opened in 2010.
The construction of the museum building, which covers an area of more than 300,000 square meters, was completed in 2021, to include a number of exhibition halls, one of which is larger than many of the current museums in Egypt and the world. The museum is considered one of the most important and greatest achievements of modern Egypt. It was established to be an integrated global cultural and entertainment edifice, and to be the first destination for everyone interested in the ancient Egyptian heritage, as the largest museum in the world that tells the story of the history of ancient Egyptian civilization, as it contains a large number of distinctive and unique artifacts, including the treasures of the golden king Tutankhamun, which It is displayed for the first time in its entirety since the discovery of his tomb in November 1922, in addition to the collection of Queen Hetepe, the guard of the mother of King Khufu, the builder of the Great Pyramid in Giza, as well as the Museum of King Khufu’s Boats, as well as various antiquities from the pre-dynastic era to the Greek and Roman eras.